Calla – Chi Calla

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    Calla - Chi Calla Calla genus freshwater aquarium plants 600 x 600
     
    Calla – Chi Calla
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    Species from this Genus – Các cây trong Chi này:

    Calla

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      (Redirected from Calla palustris)
     
    For other uses, see Calla (disambiguation).
    Calla
    Calla palustris2.jpg  Calla - Chi Calla 220px Calla palustris2
    Conservation status
    Calla - Chi Calla 220px Status TNC G5
    Secure (NatureServe)
    Scientific classification
    Kingdom: Plantae
    (unranked): Angiosperms
    (unranked): Monocots
    Order: Alismatales
    Family: Araceae
    Subfamily: Calloideae
    Genus: Calla
    L.
    Species: C. palustris
    Binomial name
    Calla palustris
    L.
    Synonyms[1]
    • Callaria Raf.
    • Aroides Heist. ex Fabr.
    • Provenzalia Adans.
    • Callaion Raf.
    • Callaion palustris (L.) Raf.
    • Provenzalia palustris (L.) Raf.
    • Calla ovatifolia Gilib.
    • Calla cordifolia Stokes
    • Callaion bispatha (Raf.) Raf.
    • Callaion brevis (Raf.) Raf.
    • Callaion heterophylla (Raf.) Raf.
    • Provenzalia bispatha Raf.
    • Provenzalia brevis Raf.
    • Provenzalia heterophyla Raf.
    • Dracunculus paludosusMontandon
    • Calla generalis E.H.L.Krause
    • Calla brevis (Raf.) Á.Löve & D.Löve

    Calla (bog arum, marsh calla, wild calla, and water-arum[2]) is a genus of flowering plant in the family Araceae, containing the single species Calla palustris. It is native to cool temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in central, eastern and northern Europe (France and Norway eastward), northern Asia and northern North America (Alaska, Canada, and northeastern contiguous United States).[1][3][4][5]

    Calla - Chi Calla 220px Illustration Calla palustris0

     

    Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885

    It is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant growing in bogs and ponds. The leaves are rounded to heart-shaped, 6–12 centimetres (2.4–4.7 in) long on a 10–20 centimetres (3.9–7.9 in) petiole, and 4–12 centimetres (1.6–4.7 in) broad. The greenish-yellow inflorescence is produced on a spadix about 4–6 centimetres (1.6–2.4 in) long, enclosed in a white spathe. The fruit is a cluster of red berries, each berry containing several seeds.[6][7]

    The plant is very poisonous when fresh due to its high oxalic acid content, but the rhizome (like that of Caladium, Colocasia, and Arum) is edible after drying, grinding, leaching and boiling.[8][9][10]

    The genus formerly also included a number of other species, which have now been transferred to the separate genus Zantedeschia. These plants, from tropical Africa are, however, still often termed “calla lilies”, but should not be confused with C. palustris.

    References

    1. ^ Jump up to:ab Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
    2. Jump up^ Dickinson, T.; Metsger, D.; Bull, J.; & Dickinson, R. (2004) ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario. Toronto:Royal Ontario Museum, p. 62.
    3. Jump up^ Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    4. Jump up^ Herkert, J.R. & Ebinger, J.E. (eds.) (2002). Endangered and Threatened Species of Illinois: status and distribution 1: 1-161. Endangered species protection board, Springfield, Illinois.
    5. Jump up^ Sabirova, N.D. & Sabirov, R.N. (2011). New and rare vascular plant species of Northern Sakhalin. Byulleten’ Glavnogo Botaniceskogo Sada 197: 80-86.
    6. Jump up^ Flora of North America, vol 22, Water arum, wild calla, Calla palustris Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 968. 1753.
    7. Jump up^ Flora of China, Vol. 23 Page 17, 水芋 shui yu, Calla palustris Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 968. 1753.
    8. Jump up^ A Dictionary of Flowering Plants and Ferns – JC Willis
    9. Jump up^ Plants for a Future: Calla palustris
    10. Jump up^ Pharmacognosy, Wild calla-Calla palustris-Poisonous plants
    • Blanchan, Neltje (2002). Wild Flowers: An Aid to Knowledge of our Wild Flowers and their Insect Visitors. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.

    External links

    • Go Botany, New England Wild Flower Society, Calla palustris
    • Missouri Gardening, plant finder, Gardening Help
    • North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension
    • Lilies Water Gardens
    • Connecticut Botanical Society, Wild Calla (Water Arum)
    • Minnesota Wildflowers
    • University Botanic Gardens at Ljubljana
    • Hepburn quote