Species from this Genus – Các cây trong Chi này:
|About 180 species, see text.|
Crinum is a genus of about 180 species of perennial plants that have large showy flowers on leafless stems, and develop from bulbs. They are found in seasonally moist areas, including marshes, swamps, depressions and along the sides of streams and lakes in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide.
Crinum leaves are basal, typically long and strap-shaped, with colors ranging from light green to green.
Several species are used in aquariums.
Cytological studies have shown some 27 species of Crinum to be diploid with a normal chromosome count of 2n = 22. Abilio Fernandes found that the Orange River Crinum bulbispermum had a count of 2n = 66, and some desert Crinum macowanii 2n = 44. These polyploid species produce seeds that are often parthenogenetic triploid or diploids, lack vigour and seldom grow to mature plants.
In Hawaiʻi Crinum augustum (or Crinum amabile var augustum) is known as the Queen Emma Lily.
- 1.1Formerly placed here
- 6External links
As of July 2014, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families lists 105 species of Crinum. Amongst these are:
- Crinum americanum L. – Southern Swamplily, Seven Sisters
- Crinum asiaticum L. – Poisonbulb
- Crinum bulbispermum (Burm.f.) Milne-Redh. & Schweick. – Hardy Swamplily
- Crinum latifolium L.
- Crinum macowanii Baker
- Crinum moorei Hook.f.
- Crinum pedunculatum R.Br., syn. C. asiaticum var. pedunculatum – Swamplily, River Lily or Spider Lily
- Crinum thaianum Schulze – Onion plant
Formerly placed here
- Agapanthus africanus (L.) Hoffmanns. (as C. africanum L.)
- Ammocharis heterostyla (Bullock) Milne-Redh. & Schweick. (as C. heterostylum Bullock)
- Cyrtanthus angustifolius (L.f.) Aiton (as C. angustifolius L.f.)
- Cyrtanthus elatus (Jacq.) Traub (as C. speciosum L.f.)
- Cyrtanthus obliquus (L.f.) Aiton (as C. obliquum L.f.)
- Hippeastrum argentinum (Pax) Hunz. (as C. argentinum Pax)
- Urceolina urceolata (Ruiz & Pav.) Asch. & Graebn. (as C. urceolatum Ruiz & Pav.)
- × Amarcrinum hybridised with Amaryllis
C. × powellii (garden hybrid between C. bulbispermum and C. moorei) – pale pink, fragrant, lily-like flowers produced in late summer
- C. × powellii ‘Album’ (white flowered cultivar)
Crinum moorei at Strybing Arboretum, San Francisco
Crinum ornatum, SW Burkina Faso
Crinum species in Hyderabad, India
Queen Emma Lily (Crinum augustum or Crinum amabile var augustum) in Hawaiʻi
- “Genus: Crinum L.”. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-01-27. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
- Crinum augustum (National Tropical Botanical Garden)
- “Search for Crinum“, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2014-07-07
- “GRIN Species Records of Crinum“. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
- “RHS Plant Selector – Crinum × powellii“. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- “RHS Plant Selector – Crinum × powellii ‘Album'”. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Germishuizen, G.; Meyer, N.L., eds. (2003). “Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist” (PDF). Strelitzia. 14 (i-vi): 1–1231. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-27. (online version)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Crinum.|
|Wikispecies has information related to: Crinum|
- “Crinum”. Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). 1911.
- Pacific Bulb Society Crinum Page, includes links to photographs
- Crinums In East Texas: Notes From Marcelle Sheppard, includes links to photographs, cultural information, and hybridizing results
- The Genus Crinum
- African Crinums
- Bulb Society
- Juniper Level Botanic Garden Crinum Photo Gallery
- Crinum in West African plants – A Photo Guide.