Limnophila (plant) – Chi Limnophila

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    Limnophila (plant) - Chi Limnophila Limnophila genus freshwater aquarium plants 600 x 600
     
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    Species from this Genus – Các cây trong Chi này:

    Limnophila (plant)

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
     
    For other uses, see Limnophila.
    Limnophila
    Rice Paddy Herb.jpg  Limnophila (plant) - Chi Limnophila 220px Rice Paddy Herb
    Limnophila aromatica
    Scientific classification
    Kingdom: Plantae
    (unranked): Angiosperms
    (unranked): Eudicots
    (unranked): Asterids
    Order: Lamiales
    Family: Plantaginaceae
    Genus: Limnophila
    R.Br.
    Species
    about 40

    Limnophila is a genus of flowering plants in the plantain family, Plantaginaceae. It is distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands.[1] Species are known commonly as marshweeds.[2]

    These are annual or perennial herbs. They grow in wet habitat, such as marshes, and some are aquatic. Some species are glandular and aromatic. Plants of the genus vary in form, from erect to prostrate, and with branching or unbranched stems. Submerged leaves are whorled; aerial leaves are whorled or oppositely arranged. The leaves are lance-shaped or pinnate, and the blades have smooth or serrated edges. Some species have flowers solitary in the leaf axils, and others have flowers in inflorescences. The sepals are arranged in a tubular calyx, and the corolla is tubular or funnel-shaped. The corolla has a lower lip with three lobes and an upper lip that is unlobed or double-lobed.[1]

    Cabomba caroliniana, a plant in a different family, is noted for having leaves that resemble those of Limnophila.[3]

    Species

    Limnophila (plant) - Chi Limnophila 220px Limnophila heterophylla   flower view 01

     

    Limnophila heterophylla in China

    There are about 40 species in the genus.[1]

    Species include:[1][4][5]

    • Limnophila aquatica
    • Limnophila aromatica – swampleaf, rice paddy herb
    • Limnophila bangweolensis
    • Limnophila barteri
    • Limnophila borealis
    • Limnophila ceratophylloides
    • Limnophila chinensis – finger grass
    • Limnophila connata
    • Limnophila dasyantha
    • Limnophila erecta
    • Limnophila heterophylla
    • Limnophila indica – Indian marshweed
    • Limnophila repens
    • Limnophila rugosa
    • Limnophila sessiliflora – ambulia
    • Limnophila tenera

    References

    1. ^ Jump up to:abcd Limnophila. Flora of China.
    2. Jump up^ Limnophila. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
    3. Jump up^ Cabomba caroliniana. Flora of North America.
    4. Jump up^ Limnophila. The Plant List.
    5. Jump up^ GRIN Species Records of Limnophila. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).