Spathiphyllum – Chi Spathiphyllum

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    Spathiphyllum - Chi Spathiphyllum Spathiphyllum aquaticum genus freshwater aquarium plants 600 x 600
     
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    Species from this Genus – Các cây trong Chi này:

    Spathiphyllum

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
     
    Spathiphyllum
    Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum RTBG.jpg  Spathiphyllum - Chi Spathiphyllum 220px Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum RTBG
    Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum
    Scientific classification
    Kingdom: Plantae
    (unranked): Angiosperms
    (unranked): Monocots
    Order: Alismatales
    Family: Araceae
    Subfamily: Monsteroideae
    Tribe: Spathiphylleae
    Genus: Spathiphyllum
    Schott
    Spathiphyllum.png  Spathiphyllum - Chi Spathiphyllum 220px Spathiphyllum
    Map of the natural distribution
    Synonyms[1]
    • Hydnostachyon Liebm.
    • Massowia K.Koch
    • Spathiphyllopsis Teijsm. & Binn.
    • Amomophyllum Engl.
    • Leucochlamys Poepp. ex Engl.

    Spathiphyllum is a genus of about 40 species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas and southeastern Asia. Certain species of Spathiphyllum are commonly known as Spath or peace lilies.

    They are evergreen herbaceous perennial plants with large leaves 12–65 cm long and 3–25 cm broad. The flowers are produced in a spadix, surrounded by a 10–30 cm long, white, yellowish, or greenish spathe. The plant does not need large amounts of light or water to survive.

    Contents

     [hide] 

    • 1Etymology
    • 2Selected species
    • 3Cultivation and uses
    • 4Toxicity
    • 5References
    • 6External links

    Etymology

    Schott’s description of the genus refers to Spatha foliaris persistens,[2] where spatha is a spathe, and foliaris is an adjective modifying spathe, meaning relating to a leaf, and persistens means continuing or persisting. Phyllum also means a leaf.[3]

    Selected species

    Species include:[4]

    • Spathiphyllum atrovirens
    • Spathiphyllum bariense
    • Spathiphyllum blandum
    • Spathiphyllum brevirostre
    • Spathiphyllum cannifolium
    • Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum
    • Spathiphyllum commutatum
    • Spathiphyllum cuspidatum
    • Spathiphyllum floribundum
    • Spathiphyllum friedrichsthalii
    • Spathiphyllum fulvovirens
    • Spathiphyllum gardneri
    • Spathiphyllum grandifolium
    • Spathiphyllum jejunum
    • Spathiphyllum juninense
    • Spathiphyllum kalbreyeri
    • Spathiphyllum kochii
    • Spathiphyllum laeve
    • Spathiphyllum lechlerianum
    • Spathiphyllum maguirei
    • Spathiphyllum mawarinumae
    • Spathiphyllum monachinoi
    • Spathiphyllum montanum
    • Spathiphyllum neblinae
    • Spathiphyllum patini
    • Spathiphyllum perezii
    • Spathiphyllum phryniifolium
    • Spathiphyllum quindiuense
    • Spathiphyllum silvicola
    • Spathiphyllum solomonense
    • Spathiphyllum wallisii
    • Spathiphyllum wendlandii

    Cultivated hybrids include:[5]

    • Spathiphyllum × clevelandii

    Cultivation and uses

    Several species are popular indoor houseplants. It lives best in shade and needs little sunlight to thrive, and is watered approximately once a week. The soil is best left moist but only needs watering if the soil is dry. The NASA Clean Air Study found that Spathiphyllum cleans indoor air of certain environmental contaminants, including benzene and formaldehyde.[6]

    Toxicity

    Spathiphyllum is mildly toxic to humans and animals when ingested.[7][8] The Peace Lily is not a true lily from the Liliaceae family. True lilies are much more toxic to cats and dogs.[9][10] The Peace Lily contains calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause skin irritation, a burning sensation in the mouth, difficulty swallowing, and nausea.[11]

    References

    1. Jump up^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
    2. Jump up^ Heinrich Wilhelm Schott and Stephan Endlicher (1832). Meletemata botanica. C. Gerold, made available online by The Biodiversity Heritage Library.
    3. Jump up^ Stearn, W.T. (1992). Botanical Latin: History, grammar, syntax, terminology and vocabulary, Fourth edition. David and Charles.
    4. Jump up^ “The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species”.
    5. Jump up^ Edward F. Gilman (1999). “Spathiphyllum x ‘Clevelandii’, Fact Sheet FPS-555″ (PDF). University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service.
    6. Jump up^ Anne Raver (February 13, 1994). “Need an Air Freshener? Try Plants”. New York Times.
    7. Jump up^ University of California — Toxic Plants (list)
    8. Jump up^ http://www.entirelypets.com/toxicplants.html EntirelyPets.com article
    9. Jump up^ Fitzgerald, Kevin T. (2010). “Lily Toxicity in the Cat”. Topics in Companion Animal Medicine. 25 (4): 213–217. doi:10.1053/j.tcam.2010.09.006. ISSN 1938-9736. PMID 21147474.
    10. Jump up^ “Peace Lily”. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
    11. Jump up^ “Toxic and Non-Toxic Plants – Peace Lily”. Retrieved 1 August 2016.

    External links

    • Germplasm Resources Information Network: Spathiphyllum species list